Country Studies

The objective of the Ethiopia and Tanzania Country Studies is to critically assess how agricultural and broader socio-economic policies and practices address nutritional goals, especially for children and young women, and the possibilities for scaling-up of successful projects. The studies are led by the Ethiopian Development Research Institute in Ethiopia and Sokoine University in Tanzania.

These studies provide up-to-date analysis of the macro-economic and policy environment, linking the findings of the international review (work package 1) with the more local studies (work packages 4, 5 and 6). The country studies (one each for Ethiopia and Tanzania) form the core activity of Work Package 2, and are based largely on desk documentary analysis and personal interviews with key informants.

The scope of the studies includes both external (international) and internal (national and sub-national) factors potentially impacting on food and nutrition. These include the following:

  •  Key international influences on national food security, e.g. food prices, multilateral programmes, trade policy, climate change
  • National development indicators, e.g. demographic trends, hunger, poverty, status of women, distribution of income, land and other assets, health, education, sanitation, safety nets
  • Relevant policies and laws in the area of agriculture, food and nutrition; this will include policies  that address these issues directly (e.g. food security) and indirectly (e.g. nutritional dimensions of agriculture, health and other programmes)
  • Role of the private sector in agriculture and nutrition systems
  • Policy debates and actors: who is driving policy and with what objectives? What voices remain marginalised?

The following table of contents has been agreed for both reports and draft working papers will be posted on the website when available;

1. Introduction/Background:

(a)    Brief country overview of key indicators (e.g. GDP, poverty levels, human development indicators etc)

(b)   Situation and trends in agriculture, food security and nutrition

(c)    National goals/targets for agriculture, food security and nutrition

2. Key National Strategies and Actors to Address Nutrition:

(a)    Key strategies and policies

(b)   Key actors and institutional arrangements (including cross-sectoral mechanisms)

3. Overview of key Sectoral Policies and Extent of Nutrition Focus, and Extent to which this relates to Agriculture (e.g. policies on agriculture, livestock/fisheries, food security, health, nutrition, education, water and sanitation – including brief mention of key donor-supported policy initiatives)

4. Critical Assessment of Policy Landscape, and Identification of, Major Achievements, Gaps, Obstacles and Criticisms.

5. Issues for Agridiet (e.g. relating to policy advocacy, research design and methodology, existing or ongoing research).